Monday, December 11, 2006

Evidence of human trafficking in the Netherlands

Main

This is a survey of evidence that there really is a big human trafficking problem in the Netherlands (some evidence which you can find elsewhere on my blog). You can accuse me of cherry picking, and indeed there are also very good reasons to believe that forced prostitution in the Netherlands is not such a big deal after all (where obviously every victim is one too many). But in my opinion those who believe that human trafficking are not to blame.

Some quotes (pertaining to the situation in the Netherlands):

“Niet echt spijt” [“No real regrets”] (Metje Blaak in an interview in 2002. She worked as a prostitute from 1970 to 1995, mainly in her own home. She is a spokesperson for the Red Thread; a labour union for prostitutes. Interview by Tanya Wijngaarde in MUG-magazine, March 2002) (translated from Dutch)
(…) and nowadays eight out of 10 girls are forced. That’s a misery, you have no idea. Those men around it are called pimps, but these are big fat criminals. Those pimps of the past were a joke compared with what happens today. You slipped them something if they did something for you, and then they thought they were a pimp. In fact you controlled them. But now the girls are being threatened with their lives, that has become a different story. (…)

(by the way, Metje Blaak contradicts herself. In other occasions she has said that forced prostitution is not that big as is often assumed.)

Mensenhandel in Nederland 1997-2000 [Human trafficking in the Netherlands 1997-2000] (2002, Essy van Dijk) (translated from Dutch)
on page 21:
(…) aside from that, in a study of the Werkgroep Prostitutie en Mensenhandel [Working Group on Prostitution and Human trafficking], the number of prostitutes from outside the EU is also estimated at 50% (Luyck en Van Soest, 1999). And although not all of these prostitutes work illegally in the Netherlands, experience shows that in most cases this is the case (Visser, 2000). Furthermore there’s a reasonable agreement among key figures that “the majority” of the foreign prostitutes in the Netherlands are economically exploited and therefore victim of human trafficking (Visser, 2000). [footnote at the bottom of that page: “This is according to insiders probably also true for legal, Dutch prostitutes.”] (…)
on page 152-153:
Concerning domestic human trafficking it is observed that also only a part of the legal prostitutes in the Netherlands are self-employed and independent. The majority is, judged by the experience of the interviewees, dependent on pimps. This phenomenon will continue to exist according to them, although the labour conditions will improve in some circumstances. (…)
But who are those “interviewees”? She probably refers to the police officials and the team leaders of the criminal investigations into human trafficking she interviewed.

In the 'Volkskrant'-article 'Reportage Misstanden in de prostitutie - Toch weer verliefd op een pooier' ['Report - Abuses in prostitution - Yet still in love with a pimp again'] (May 19th 2007, Menno van Dongen) a Dutch victim of human trafficking explains (translated from Dutch):

'After that fake-vacation I had to sit behind the window in Amsterdam, on de Wallen. I only knew two girls there who worked for themselves. Others were forced or they were put there by a loverboy. It was terrible out there.'

'Werken op de Wallen kon niet zonder te betalen' ['Working on de Wallen wasn't possible without paying'] (June 2nd 2008, nu.nl) (translated from Dutch)
ALMELO - It was during the time when the brothers B. were in charge over de Wallen impossible for prostitutes to work there without handing over money to these brothers. That was said to the police by a possible victim of the gang of human traffickers.

The court in Almelo hears the case against six suspects of human trafficking, the 'Group B'. Purportedly, for years and years the network violently forced dozens of women to prostitute themselves.

From the Volkskrant article written by Menno van Dongen "reportage Misstanden in de prostitutie - Gevangen achter het raam"["report - abuses in prostitution - Imprisoned behind the window"](Volkskrant, Menno van Dongen, May 5th 2007). (translated from Dutch)
‘In the Hague roughly 70 percent of the window prostitutes are victims of human trafficking’, says 33 year old vice investigator Anita. She has worked [and still works] for years for the Ploeg Commerciële Zeden [team commercial vice] and started her career as a local policeman on the tippelzone.
‘Many women are victims, but don’t know that themselves, or they don’t want to know.’, states the inspector [Anita]. ‘For them it’s a big step to acknowledge they have been tricked, for instance, through a loverboy method. They feel ashamed, are scared or believe they are in love with their pimp.’ (…)
Most vice investigators have been trained by Henk Werson, specialist in the area of victims of human trafficking. He works at he Expertisecentrum Mensenhandel en Mensensmokkel [expert centre human trafficking and people smuggling] in Zwolle, a division of the National Recherche. In addition Werson is national co-coordinator human trafficking at the police; he describes himself as the ‘driver and advisor’ of the team that researchers the activities of the brothers B. [the gang which exploited at least 90 women] and their accomplices.
According to Werson only a few window prostitutes satisfy the ideal picture of the woman who enters the profession voluntarily, doesn’t have to hand over money and can choose for herself when she works and which clients she takes. ‘That’s true for only 1 or 2 percent of the prostitutes. And then there are the women who have worked against their will for so long, that they got used to the profession. They are not forced but think that they can’t do anything else.’ But still a large majority of the prostitutes say they entered their profession voluntarily, according to a recent report by the Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek- en Documentatiecentrum (WODC, scientific research and documentation centre) of the ministry of justice (they mean this report: Evaluatie opheffing bordeelverbod; de sociale positie van prostituees 2006). Werson says that the testimonies of the prostitutes are unreliable on this issue. ‘They will nearly all deny that they are forced, even if that is the case. In all kinds of researches it turns out that at least between 70 and 80 percent of the women don’t do this work voluntarily [I've actually never seen such a report]. That’s also what we hear from ex-prostitutes.’
The police-expert states that many women have good reasons to keep silent about compulsion. ‘Many prostitutes are maltreated, threatened or charmed by a pimp. Some maybe started voluntarily, but what you often see, is that quickly a pimp shows up who says: if you don’t give me your earnings, I will tell your family that you are in the profession. Then you have a problem, because prostitution is still taboo.’ (…)

Sluiting ’Poeldijkse’ nekte ‘Geleen’ [Closure of the ‘Poeldijkse[straat]’ finished off [the] ‘Geleen[straat]’] (AD, Februari 9th, 2008) (translated from Dutch)
Sandra (mother of two children) entered prostitution in the Hague at the age of 21 via a girlfriend. Purely for commerce: expensive clothing and a rental apartment of 1400 Euros. In the beginning I felt very content, but the atmosphere changed quickly. “At the end there was so much misery. I had a window in the Geleenstraat and via a corner mirror I could overlook the entire street. This way I could daily see at least 10 big Mercedesses or BMW’s come driving by where girls stepped out. The place was swarming with pimps, because they are the loverboys. I estimate that at least fifteen of these fellows came by during one day. Some did regularly beat up colleagues of mine.”

“Inzake opsporing” [“With respect to hunting down”] (Bijlage XI – Deelonderzoek 4, Hoofdstuk 3.3, “Prostitutie, Vrouwenhandel en (kinder-)pornografie”, Cyrille Fijnaut and Frank Bovenkerk, 1995) (translated from Dutch)
The team ‘decentrale controle prostitutie’ [decentralized supervision prostitution], tries to build up a relationship of trust with the prostitutes on de Wallen, such that they were prepared to be voluntarily registered. This team registered 934 window-prostitutes on de Wallen in April 1995. (…) The team ‘decentrale controle prostitutie’ has the impression that a substantial percentage of the registered women practice their activities not (completely) voluntarily. There is the suspicion that quite a lot of women have a so called "work arrangement" with a pimp, in which there is an exploitative situation. However, the team only goes into action when the ones involved indicate themselves that they have problems. It will call the project-team ‘prostitutie en vrouwenhandel’ [prostitution and women trafficking] into action.

Loverboys: moderne pooiers? [Loverboys: modern pimps?] (planet.nl, August 27th 2007) (translated from Dutch)
How many (victims of ) loverboys there are precisely is unclear. Every now and then organizations make estimates, but the outcomes vary enormously. Thát forced prostitution exists and is a real problem, that’s where the organizations are in agreement. Mariska Majoor estimates that at most 20 percent of the women in the sex industry are forced. “Anyway not the 80 percent which you hear about in all kinds of reports. But it annoys me that there are continuous talks about percentages, because 20 percent of approximately 20.000 prostitutes is obviously an awful lot.”

Toos Heemskerk, who has done much streetwork on De Wallen and who helps women who want to leave prostitution, doesn’t agree with the estimate of Majoor. “It is difficult to establish how many women are forced to work in prostitution. It obviously also concerns women who once entered prostitution under force, but are working there so long that they, if you ask them if they are forced, say that this is not so. In the mean time they don’t know a different life. I think that approximately three quarters of the women ended up in prostitution under force.”

I also want to add some quotes from a relatively old book, which also describes de Wallen area in Amsterdam. It paints a good picture how illegal prostitutes are squeezed out to the bone. Aside from handing over money to the landlords who rent out window brothels they also have to pay for a place to sleep, which seems to generate more money than the window brothels. It also describes police corruption.
http://www.nrc.nl/redactie/binnenland/chaosaandeamstel7.pdf
Aan het front op de Wallen, a chapter from Chaos aan de Amstel – Fraude en corruptie in Amsterdam (Jos Verlaan, 1999)

(…)

In the best case the upper floors of the coffeeshops are rented out for high prices as a sleeping address for often illegal prostitutes who work in the neighbourhood. The turnover which is obtained from these lodging places – often not more than a couple of mattresses in a room – is even higher than the estimated turnover in the window brothel exploitation: yearly some ten million guilders for the 350 windows which de Wallen still counted three years ago. ‘Gray premises’, as many immovable goods on de Wallen in the jargon of the police and the municipality are defined.
The butcher of that premise on de Oudezijds[e Achterburgwal] takes an unobtrusive position in the neighbourhood, but for years he was such an entrepreneur who rented out floors above his brothels to illegal aliens. ‘An unexpected newcomer in this group’, as he is described by the commission-Van Traa. ‘A small retailer in the neighbourhood who has worked himself up through evasion of import taxes, the investment in so called telehouses, and who further exploits the living spaces above his businesses in his own way.’
In the past the butcher was once caught already in connection with tampering with the purchase of meat. In the nineties he expanded his empire on de Wallen further with brothels and the renting out of floors to illegal aliens. For doing that he was sentenced in 1995 to a fine of 50.000 guilders, of which half was conditional. The interrogations after his apprehension give a picture of his way of doing business.
First the butcher himself, Jan, at the police office: ‘I remind you of the meeting where members of the leadership of the police were present and where it is stated that the rental to illegal prostitutes could quietly continue without taking action against it. If the police allows illegal prostitution, you know that these people must also be able to live somewhere. From the rental I make profit. I also have a butcher’s shop.’
A former tenant: ‘I live since March 29 1994 in de Beursstraat 25. I share a room with a girlfriend. Together we pay 350 guilders weekly. That money is collected by a man who calls himself Roberto. I have never reported myself to the police. The landlord didn’t ask me to show my identity papers.’
Another tenant: ‘Directly after my arrival in Amsterdam I went to the house on the Warmoesstraat 56. I now live on the Warmoesstraat 74 and pay 500 guilders per week for a room which I share with four persons. I rent from a negro who does activities in the house on the Warmoesstraat 47 in Amsterdam. I didn’t report myself to the police in the Netherlands.’
Another such tenant: ‘Fourteen days ago I came back to the Netherlands. Roberto and a Moroccan come to collect the rent. I know that the owner of the premises is a white man and has a butcher-shop. I reside illegally in the Netherlands. I pay 500 guilders a week rent. The landlord didn’t ask me to show my identity papers.’
A staff member of the butcher: ‘Jan knew exactly who resided in the rooms. He all kept track of that. In the butcher-shop of Jan there hangs a sign on which it is written in Spanish that he rents out rooms. In the rooms where I have been there mostly are three beds per room. Most people who live in the houses of Jan, reside and work illegally in the Netherlands. Nearly all rooms of Jan are rented out to people who work in the Netherlands in prostitution.’

(…)

A confidential report ‘for internal use’ of bureau Warmoesstraat from 1996 about the prostitution branch unearths what was all possible in practise with such an imperium, aside of which the government has lost its supervision. ‘Rood licht, valse hoop’ [Red light, false hope] was the name of the report that deals with the abdomen of the prostitution circuit on de Wallen, based on eighteen months of talking with illegal prostitutes, editing of minutes and observations in the neighbourhood. It is a story of women trafficking, exploitation, passport forgery and bribery. Expressions of a third world economy – in the middle of Amsterdam. The report uncovers the relationship between the circuit of hundreds of illegal prostitutes behind the windows and the intensification of criminality on the street where Northern African ‘protectors’ in the wake of the women determine the street scene and aside from prostitution occupy themselves with drug trafficking, robbery and fights. Illegal women who were hauled in to Amsterdam, were sold through within the circuit for three thousand guilders to other traffickers when they didn’t yield enough profit. Also there was a lively trade in forged residence papers, drugs, weapons and medicines. The detective force encountered women behind the windows who in the country of origin had made towering debts with women traffickers to be allowed to work here and who after arrival had to hand over their passport to brothel owners. Bullying or even maltreatment followed when too little money came in and debts weren’t paid off on time. The police spoke with women who stood behind the window seven days a week sixteen hours a day. In the report the Wallen-circuit is painted as a façade world, which is so treacherous that even own colleagues at the police were caught on corruption in the prostitution field.

(…)

Na legalisering ging seksbranche verder ondergronds (Jos Verlaan in the Dutch paper NRC Handelsblad, August 22th 2008)
Passport forgery, exploitation, maltreatment and, above all, a good organized maffia circuit of women trafficking. Ten years ago in a confidential report a special team of the Amsterdam police lays bare the world of the prostitution circuit. There were at that time at least 27 networks of women traffickers active there. And an extensive network of street pimps.

Women who often stood behind the windows for seven days per week and sixteen hours per day. Who were being resold to other traffickers for a couple of thousand euros. Their so-called 'protectors' trafficked in forged identity papers, drugs, weapons and medicine.

The confidential report about that, Rood licht valse hoop [Red Light False Hope] appeared on the eve of the legalization of window prostitution. Legalization should have ended these atrocities, was then the hope of the police.

Lovergirl, September the 27th 2004, 1:51:00 (on hookers.nl) (translated from Dutch)
You are really rancid men!
I was forced into prostitution in Amsterdam on de Wallen for two years and I wasn’t the only one who was forced.
As far as I know all girls are there because of their pimps and not because they want so themselves, even if they say they do and they act as if they keep the money themselves.
Do not cooperate!!!

CarmenElectra (blonde) on hookers.nl (19-7-2005) (translated from Dutch)
Hello gentlemen. I am a former “lady of pleasure”, this work is imposed upon me and I found no pleasure in it. Like there are many who do this work. Because I, and many girls in this sector, was slipped drugs, I could keep going.
Helpful persons helped me out. (…)
During the time that I worked in clubs I have got to know many girls, girls who were forced there, girls who couldn’t do anything after that (mostly the older ones). (…)
I got to know many girls and certainly more than half were forced there, all in their own way but still always against their will. Go ask the police how many pimps they know of who force girls, I went there once. I was almost laughed at by that official, he even knew who I was talking about, “an acquaintance” he said while he almost laughed!!

Dit is het leven : een studie naar ex-prostituees (Jessica Westerik, 2009) [This is the life: a study into ex-prostitutes]
In this report a woman speaks who worked in prostitution in the past. Now she is almost 50. She has worked for eight years in prostitution and was more or less forced to do this by her husband who also was a gambling addict. I guess this must have taken place in the 1980's.
Page 54-56:

My husband dealt very immaturely with my work in prostitution. Sometimes he pushed me to go working because there was no money and other times he said I played whore.
(...)
I have worked in clubs, girls were forced and beaten there by pimps and I saw the most horrible things. Girls who were kept prison and who were only allowed to leave if they went to work.

' "Wiens lijf eigenlijk?" — Een onderzoek naar dwang en geweld in de prostitutie ' ["whose body actually?" — A study into force and violence in prostitution] (1986) by Ine Vanwesenbeeck (translated from Dutch)
page 16:
The number of prostitutes who go through life without a male partner is minimal. Although there are a small number of women who say they “have nothing to do with men”, the largest part is one way or the other involved in an ‘intimate’ relationship with a man. Obviously these relationships take very divergent forms, also related to the place of force and violence therein.
There are pimps and men. Pimps (in more extreme cases called ‘bloodpimps’) seduce or force a woman intentionally into prostitution, where they reap the fruits of her earnings, while the ‘men’ are the friends and husbands of the woman working as a prostitute, who during the relationship can take more or less pimp-like positions. My findings of the last months point out that the number of women that work for a pimp still is considerable and that mental and/or physical violence is often a part of these relationships. Speaking with one of my respondents: “The old fashioned pimphood is still present and I do not understand where those rumours come from that this is not so”.
on page 19:
Often the violence will be acted out more ‘controllable’ than in this case [I skipped a part where she names examples of what forms of violence take place], there will be paid attention to which part [of the prostitute's body] there will be beatings, when a girl has two black eyes she will not earn money in the first place. How many prostitutes are subjected to this violence is as yet unknown. Female fieldworkers all indicate that percentages are very difficult to name. The estimates which are being made of the prostitutes who very regularly have to deal with battering vary from ten to thirty percent and another thirty percent ‘every now and then’. The estimates of the number of women who have a pimp range from forty to ninety percent!, varying per group or per city. It is continuously stressed that this is no more than an estimate, because the prostitutes themselves so often hush up the violence inflicted upon them, especially if it concerns their pimp.
And who are her respondents? She spoke with 8 (ex)-prostitutes (all white Dutch women), 6 (male and female) fieldworkers, 2 aid workers from the medical area, one female aid worker from the female circuit and 2 officials from the vice police. She sent letters to 20 police corpses; there were 13 responses. In addition she had 10-15 short conversations with prostitutes, brothel keepers and others involved during the orienting visits in the prostitution world. She spoke mainly to prostitutes in Amsterdam, The Hague and Utrecht. Women with experience in the east of the country assured that the situation across the Netherlands was similar to that of Amsterdam, The Hague and Utrecht. The research took 10 months.
At least one of the nurses also had experiences in clubs (that's important!!). Also the interviewed prostitutes often refer to clubs.

De Hoerenhandel (HP / De Tijd - 11 februari 2000, by Matt Dings, about the Schipperskwartier in Antwerpen, Belgium. I know Antwerpen doesn't lie in the Netherlands but it comes very close.) (translated from Dutch)
In Payoke, a relief centre for prostitutes in the hart of the district, founder and Green Euro-parliamentarian Patsy Sorensen declares with great clarity that eighty percent of the whores are victims of human trafficking.

"I never thought this would happen to me - prostitution and traffic in Latin American women in the Netherlands" (1998, by Fanny Polania Molina & Marie-Louise Janssen)
on page 90-94 Margot Álvarez of the Red Thread is interviewed:
Every prostitute ought to be an independent entrepreneur. We try to encourage the prostitutes to become more independent and assertive. And that's a very difficult job, because they are difficult to find even for us. Eighty per cent of the prostitutes in the Netherlands work in private establishments: clubs, private houses or saunas. You can only approach them at their workplace, as the clubs refused us entrance. (...)
Of every ten illegal women working in prostitution, nine are being exploited. It doesn't matter if they have been trafficked or not, or if they came voluntarily with the intention of working as prostitutes. They are simply being tremendously exploited. (...)
to presume that all white Dutchwomen are independent prostitutes who have chosen to do it themselves is based on a misunderstanding. When I was still working myself, I happened to see several women who had actually been sold.

Anje Wiersinga tells about the tippelzone (presumable the Waldorpstraat) in Den Haag in "The more empowered the women, the less violence against women" ― Verslag van de 47ste zitting van de VN commision on the Status of Women, New York 3-14 Maart 2003. (translated from Dutch)
on page 10:

‘I resist the idea that prostitution is a normal profession, but I do want to condone it. I must say quite honestly that I was shocked when I recently had a field trip in Den Haag with members of the parliamentarian commission Gender Equality of the council of Europe. During the evening we went with a bus to the tippelzone. On the right side of the road stand the girls, on the left the pimps who tally how many clients arrive. At the end of the street is a shower, constructed by the government, and the women can drink coffee. The prices are fixed. When I asked how long the girls had to work here I heard that they had to work seven days a week, eight hours a day. They hand over their earnings to the pimps and they only keep pocket money for themselves. And then I think: what do you mean Labour Law, working 56 hours a week for pocket money. Was that the intention?’

Anna Ziverte in "Valse Belofte"(2005). She was herself a victim of human trafficking and after this, she worked for an aid organization (also on De Achterdam in Alkmaar ) in ~2000. she writes on pages 135-136 (translated from Dutch):
The longer I was in the fieldwork, the more confusing the world [of prostitution?] became. Traffickers are cunning and unpredictable. When one circuit is rounded up the next one presents itself already. Through my volunteer work it became very clear that many more women ended up in the hands of human traffickers under false pretenses than I held possible. I was certainly not the only one. In the years that laid behind me, I always thought these things only happen to me. Not so! Some women went abroad, just as myself, for completely different work. Others came consciously to the Netherlands to work in prostitution, but had no idea that they had to hand over income to an operator. I found out that women trafficking happened everywhere and daily.

TAMPEP - final report (1994)
page 33:
In principle the women are independent of the landlords. The women have to pay the costs of the shop window, and they can keep everything that they earn above this. The women can choose their clients and their working hours.
On average the sex workers interviewed by TAMPEP work between 12 and 17 hours a day and receive between 10 and 24 clients. They usually charge 50 florins for 15 minutes work, each extra sexual service having an additional cost.
page 61:
“The sex workers feel the power of the trafficking networks and the intermediaries as a great weight which controls not only their lives, their resources and their mobility, but which can also have serious consequences for their legal status or otherwise in the various European countries.
Such a situation leads the sex workers to adopt the condition of passive, guilty victims to such a degree that they come to see themselves as criminals, a self estimation which is reinforced by the social stigma attached to them as non European immigrants. The traffickers and go-betweens on the other hand, knowing the language and the social medium as they do, remain unblemished. In these circumstances it is very difficult for the women to denounce the people who traffic them, exploit them, and mistreat them.”

About window prostitution in Alkmaar (Achterdam):

Een response of a reader to an article in the Noordhollands Dagblad, “PVDA: ‘Verhuurders van Achterdam maken uitbuiting mogelijk’” [PVDA (Dutch Labour Party): ‘Landlords of Achterdam make exploitation possible’] (September 23th, 2007). They mean Nool and Oyen as the landlords (the quote is translated from Dutch):
Here the PVDA party has a point. I have lived for 5 years on the Achterdam and on a daily basis I could see how things are running there. Each day a tiny dirty man with a moustache walks around who regularly bring Eastern European girls to a room. I have the deep impression that these girls can’t speak one word of Dutch and are completely dependent on this 100% pimp. These gentlemen-managers lead by Nollen ask this miserable person regularly how “business” is going… “koet, hiel koet” [good, very good] the asshole goes on to say. For me it is perfectly clear that despite the noble intentions of video surveillance and medical services for the ladies at that place there is lots, lots of misery that takes place on the Achterdam [a reader: September 23th, 2007]

‘Veel gedwongen prostitutie Achterdam’ [‘Lots of forced prostitution on the Achterdam’], Noordhollands Dagblad, 27-6-2007 (translated from Dutch):
The police estimates that a large number of prostitutes on the Achterdam of Alkmaar are forced to work there. According to Jan Keller - department head of the police of Alkmaar – organized crime behind window prostitution develops towards an ‘unacceptable’ level.

Keller made his statements yesterday evening during a meeting of the commissie bestuur en middelen [commission management and means] where the note ‘Aanpak prostitutie Alkmaar’ [approach to prostitution in Alkmaar] was discussed. (…)

“Rijke familie gijzelt en besteelt advokaat” [Rich family kidnap and rob a lawyer], Noordhollands Dagblad, February 15th 2006 (by the way, the lawyer is Arie van Driel who has also worked with Anna Ziverte, also see the article ‘Van vrouwenhandel beslist geen sprake’ [Women trafficking is out of the question], Noordhollands Dagblad, March 2nd 2006) (this quote is translated from Dutch):
(…) S. who lives with his family in Luxembourg calls himself the advisor of a large number of businesses. One of those, First in Line, bought an office for the aliens Bar [lawyer(s) for illegal foreigners] on the Luttik Oudorp in Alkmaar in October 2003. The intention was that the youngest daughter J.S. after her study of law could run this office.
Achterdam
Five months she worked under the supervision of the previous owner, a generally known lawyer [Arie van Driel]. She saw that 80 percent of the clients were prostitutes. Girls from Eastern Europe who commited paid love on the adjacent Achterdam and for whom the office arranged paperwork, workrooms, lingerie and condoms. They allegedly worked independently, but were exploited by tough pimps of Southern European descent. (…)

A window prostitute on De Wallen on hookers.nl (January 30th 2007, and Januari 31th 2007) (translated from Dutch)
I think that some 90 % of the girls, work for some other person’s wallet to say it eloquently.. as soon as they name the word “boyfriend” or pimp then you know how things stand.
I have experienced it myself and still see it around me. It is old news. And it is going on for centuries like this, I don’t see an immediate solution.. pitiful but unfortunately true. So that boycott list of girls who work under force.. haha
Now please what a bullshit .. then close down the whole of De Wallen.
What happens in clubs can still defy your imagination, because that’s more closed. (…)
I stand with young women around me. And well, in general there are few girls who think on their eighteenth birthday: you know what, I’m going to play whore. Nearly every man has his cross to bear. Most have not entered prostitution voluntarily. But with beautiful talk or simply threats. But I do know some 3 girls who have entered prostitution for the wrong reasons but who now work independently and without compulsion in the profession.. so they do exist.

This all sounds very shocking and very persuasive, but sometimes I have my doubts. Other "key figures" could say something very differently.

another quote:

"I never thought this would happen to me - prostitution and traffic in Latin American women in the Netherlands" (1998, by Fanny Polania Molina & Marie-Louise Janssen)
on page 66-71 Thérèse van der Helm is interviewed:
(...) In 1988 I started to work with migrant prostitutes. When the foreign women arrived, the city council asked me if a social worker could be appointed to show them the way to the assistance and inform them on health matters. I was to become that person. (...)
Sometimes because of my job, I come into contact with victims of human trafficking, but this doesn't happen very frequently.

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